January 27, 2022


Through Education Matters

India adds 557 new species to its fauna: Zoological Study of India

407 new species, 150 new data documented from the world’s 8th greatest ‘mega biodiverse’ region

India has additional 557 new species to its fauna, which incorporates 407 new species and 150 new documents, reveals Animal Discoveries 2020, a document printed recently by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI). The selection of faunal species in India has climbed to 1,02,718 species with the discovery of the information species.

Amid the new species, some fascinating species discovered in 2020 are Trimeresurus salazar, a new species of environmentally friendly pit viper found from Arunachal Pradesh Lycodon deccanensis, the Deccan wolf snake found from Karnataka and Sphaerotheca Bengaluru, a new species of burrowing frog named right after the town of Bengaluru. The list also consists of Xyrias anjaalai, a new deep water species of snake eel from Kerala Glyptothorax giudikyensis, a new species of catfish from Manipur and Clyster galateansis, a new species of scarab beetles from the Wonderful Nicobar Biosphere.

Amongst the new information, Myotis cf. frater, a bat species previously regarded from China, Taiwan and Russia, has been claimed for the first time from Uttarakhand in India and Zoothera citrina gibsonhilli, an orange-headed thrush earlier identified from southern Myanmar to south Thailand (central Malay peninsula), which was reported for the initial time from India based on a selection designed from the Narcondam island in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Of these 557 species, invertebrates represent the majority with 486 species, while 71 species belong to vertebrates. Amid invertebrates, insects dominated, with 344 species, whereas pisces and reptiles dominated between vertebrates.

Between the States, the greatest selection of new species ended up discovered from Karnataka (66 species), followed by Kerala (51 species). Also in 2020, 46 new species had been uncovered from Rajasthan and 30 from West Bengal.

In terms of new records or species recorded in the country for the very first time, Arunachal Pradesh had the greatest (20 new information). In the Andaman & Nicobar Islands, 25 new species were found out and 16 new data documented in 2020.

Of the 557 new species found, researchers and researchers from the ZSI contributed 121 new species and 86 new records in 2020.

Information investigation of the 2010-2020 decade reveals that a overall of 4,112 species — 2,800 new species and 1,312 new documents — have been added to Indian fauna. It is also appealing that scientists of the ZSI contributed to 34% (948 species) of the newly described and 68% (898) of the newly recorded species in the last 10 many years. The ZSI, which was established up by British zoologist Thomas Nelson Annandale, in 1916, has been publishing Animal Discoveries since 2007.

Commenting on the publication, Dhriti Banerjee, Director, Zoological Study of India, said that the discovery and description of a species is a long-drawn course of action and can get many years, from the assortment of a specimen to identifying and matching the specimen with other documents in repositories, and ultimately publishing the specifics in a journal.

Dr. Banerjee pointed out that 2020 has been tough 12 months for experts due to the COVID-19 pandemic as they could not study guarded parts, where a higher variety of fauna exists. Dr. Banerjee mentioned that with the encouragement of the Ministry of Surroundings Forest and Climate Alter, the ZSI will in the years to come insert new species and new documents to India’s faunal repository.

The ZSI publication shows that India is a mega biodiverse place, prosperous in biodiversity, with 23.39% of its geographical region beneath forest and tree include. “India is positioned 8th in mega biodiversity international locations in the world with .46 BioD index which is calculated by its proportion of species in each and every group relative to the complete world-wide selection of species in just about every team,” the doc adds.